for military use
A fuze is a device that detonates a munition‘s explosive material under specified conditions. In addition, a fuze will have safety and arming mechanisms that protect users from premature or accidental detonation. For example, an artillery fuze’s battery is activated by the high acceleration of cannon launch, and the fuze must be spinning rapidly before it will function. “Complete bore safety” can be achieved with mechanical shutters that isolate the detonator from the main charge until the shell is fired.
A fuze may contain only the electronic or mechanical elements necessary to signal or actuate the detonator, but some fuzes contain a small amount of primary explosive to initiate the detonation. Fuzes for large explosive charges may include an explosive booster.
Fuze categorization by munition type
The situation of usage and the characteristics of the munition it is intended to activate affect the fuze design e.g. its safety and actuation mechanisms. Fuzes based on munition type can be categorized into the following: